House of Europe – Den Haag
“The chosen topic for our discussion is the theme of “Integrity and Dissidence”
The future of humanity is at stake when we are not free to choose and to express our lives, not able to fundamentally disagree with regimes and act from our conscience.
In an totalitarian state, where oppressed citizens are crushed into following official doctrines, where one could be killed for voicing an opinion, the impact on the life of the individual is immeasurable. Masses of the population have a tendency to be brainwashed by state propaganda, heightened by terror and fear, they might be overwhelmed by the myth of a utopia, phenomena accentuated by their isolation from the rest of the world. Those who resist, if they survive, they will hide and mask what they think, they will face grave moral dilemmas and their strength of principle will be severely challenged.
How would we react under such enormous pressure, for fear of the safety of our lives or those of our loved ones? Would we protect and maintain our own principles? Or would we betray what we hold true, simply to survive? To reflect on integrity and dissidence is to identify with this individual moment of choice.
For instance, in former Czechoslovakia we think of dissident playwright and statesman Václav Havel and members of Charter 77, (Charta 77), like mathematician Václav Benda, and earlier the philosopher Jan Patočka. In Soviet-Russia we think of Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrej Sacharov. And even in 19th century Russia, poet and playwright Alexander Pushkin, with his revolutionary verses, was subjected to censorship and exile by the Tsar.
Can we speak of a “hidden dissidence” in music, art and literature, when opposition to a totalitarian regime is voiced through a coded language? If so, Shostakovich is a brilliant – albeit tragic – example of this. Interestingly, in several of Shostakovich’s works, verses of Pushkin provided a literary layer of depth to the composer through which he could make his own voice heard.
And we’ve asked our panel speaker Olga de Kort to enlighten us on this topic … ”
Introduction to the film:
“Welcome to ‘The Art of the Symphony’, today at the House of Europe!
Many thanks to Olga Sterenshis, director of the Blinibioscoop, for inviting us to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the cinema this afternoon, with a screening of our documentary film, followed by a panel discussion and exhibition of paintings that feature in the film.
After previous screenings in Paris and Prague in 2017, and at De Balie in Amsterdam earlier this year, we are delighted to shown our film in The Hague. The unique location of the House of Europe, offers to show our film and place our discussion in the perspective of the European Union. And this in combination with the Blinibioscoop, featuring films related to Russia and the other post-Soviet states.
I will briefly say something about the making of the film.
In 2016, I was approached by Alan Mercer, editor-in-chief and initiator of the ‘DSCH Journal’, the regular publication dedicated to the life and work of Dmitri Shostakovich. Alan noticed some of my artworks on music, through the media, especially those on Shostakovich’s symphonies had his interest. He invited me to take part in a documentary film, produced by DSCH Films, affiliated with the Journal, for which he himself would perform the camera work, script and editing.
In my studio in Prague there were oil paintings of the Fifth – and Tenth Symphony, and I was asked to prepare Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony as a live music painting for the documentary.
I lived in Prague for 5 years; a city and a history I feel a lot of affinity with, friends who are dear to me, it is the heart of Europe where, in the autumn of 1989, a political revolution took place, with the Communist regime overthrown without military intervention, when Vaclav Havel came forward to define what would later be called the Velvet Revolution.
In this documentary, we aim to make a connection between symphonies of Shostakovich and the history of communism in the Czech Republic, through the creation of live paintings, filmed by Alan Mercer, in my studio in Prague. I would like to mention the immediacy of the visual content we are about to see.
One can experience music as an abstract phenomena, and relate to this world of sound; you recognize your own emotions and project feelings on it.
With Shostakovich’s music, I personally cannot see this separate from what we know or assume of how his life was, how he worked as a composer during the time of the Soviet State.
This is also the central theme of our film, “The Art of the Symphony”; the theme of individual freedom vs. totalitarian oppression, as experienced by Shostakovich, in his tragic struggle, and horrible co-existence with the Soviet regime.
We wish to connect with what it was like for the Czechs during Communism in former Czechoslovakia, but also the relevance with our current time; the totalitarian regimes that now exist – North Korea, China, thinking of demonstrations in Hong Kong, dictatorships in Turkey, Iraq, Hungary, and Vladimir Putin’s Russia- it reminds us of the times of the Warsaw Pact.
However political this context may be, the documentary focuses on the theme of freedom rather than politics; the suffering of the individual and the creative ability to rise above this abyss; in a way of catharsis that music can be as a shared experience for humanity – as we can hear in Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony.
As an artist, I identify with Shostakovich’s music, his striving for freedom, and the most direct way for me, was by going to the heart of the musical movement in my paintings.
Then we will now look together at the documentary film ‘The Art of the Symphony’.
After the film, there will be a panel discussion, for which we invite you to stay in the auditorium.”
16 September 2019
Text brochure 2017
The Art of the Symphony
‘The Art of the Symphony’ is a new documentary film (2017) in which we follow the creative voyage of painter Maryleen Schiltkamp, who invites us to experience her work on depicting Shostakovich;s symphonies on the canvas. The film culminates in the creation of three paintings evoking passages from Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony, created ‘live’ in her Prague studio. Produced by the DSCH Journal affiliate DSCH Films, written & directed by Alan Mercer.
One of the main themes evoked in the film is one of a common affinity with the symphonies of Shostakovich, works whose essence might be described as ‘individual freedom versus totalitarian oppression’. However, notwithstanding a clear political context, our art and film project evokes the vital subject of humanity in the creative process. We strive to represent – in whichever way music can relate to the human soul – the suffering of the individual and the power of artistic creation to connect and rise above this agony. Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony is at the heart of these notions.
Shostakovich Symphony No.4, Allegro/ Coda – live musicpainting for the documentary (2016)
In 1936, while Dmitri Shostakovich was composing his Symphony No.4 in C minor, Op.43, Pravda – under direct orders of Joseph Stalin – published an editorial “Muddle Instead of Music”, that denounced the composer and targeted his opera Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk. Despite this attack, Shostakovich completed the symphony and planned its premiere in Leningrad, but at some point during rehearsals he withdrew the work. It was premiered only 25 years later, in 1961.
The Symphony No.4 ranks as one of his most important and most personal works. That he believed strongly in the work we know from his own remarks and that he finally had it performed without changing a single note.
Filmed in Prague, the theme of freedom from oppression, just as we encounter it in Shostakovich’s music, is in ‘The Art of the Symphony’ related to the history of the Czech people. Former Communist sites and archive footage in the film are combined with passages that allow the viewer to witness the various artistic processes in the studio, heightening the sense of relevance even today, through key moments of the works’ creation.
On Music Painting:
Music painting is a new performance art, combining ‘live’ or recorded music with artistic creations made directly during a concert, or recital. This visual creation follows the musical movement and the colour of sound at the same time, producing a unique experience.
As part of the artist’s preparation, the musical score is studied in detail, and a ‘timeline’ of the music is created. From this timeline a visual score is created allowing the artist to rehearse simultaneously with the music, and to decide finally when to paint what – and where – on the final canvas, one might say ‘a choreography for the movements of the brush’.
Significant moments in the dynamics of the music are highlighted: contrasts and syncopations, the work’s main themes and inversions, the depth of the character and the overall nature of the piece. For the live performance, these preparations and studies are of course helpful but do not set the final work in stone. All that happens during performance itself is part of a moment, an instant, and as much as the artist aims to carry out her plan and to anticipate the gestures and movement, the final work always results from an experience based on musical and physical interactions, in what is an open form of art with an element of improvisation.
The Art of the Symphony – documentary film (2017)
Produced by the DSCH Journal affiliate DSCH Films, written & directed by Alan Mercer;
‘Live’ paintings of Shostakovich’ Symphony No.4 by Maryleen Schiltkamp
Filmed in Prague, ‘The Art of the Symphony’ alternates between the creation on canvas of a major Shostakovich work, and evocative footage of Prague, both during the Communist era and the present-day reminders of those complex times. Within these images, the main theme of the film – freedom from oppression – is related through a humanitarian, rather than political standpoint, where the individual, the human soul, strives to rise above earthly conflict. Shostakovich’s Fourth Symphony is at the heart of these notions.